Vitamins intake during pregnancy

Vitamins intake during pregnancy

The most important vitamins during pregnancy are folic acid, vitamins C,D,B1 (thyamin) B2 and B6. Although the daily necessary amounts seem to be less, a lack of those vitamins can cause deficiencies in the development of the baby in womb.

As we have mentioned in past articles folic acid is very important because it avoids neurological defects such as malformations, spina bífida and inclusive a spontaneous abortion.

Folic acid can be found in potatoes, spinach, swiss chards, vegetables, dried fruits, tomatoes, meat, milk products and fish. Folic acid is very sensitive to heat, it is eliminated if it is cooked or if it is being kept for a long time.

Vitamin B Group

The vitamin B Group is found mainly in whole wheat bread, cereals, vegetables, fish, potatoes and milk. They are important coenzymes for the metabolism. A lack of vitamin B can cause cardiovascular insufficiency in mother and fetus. A lack of vitamin B6 can lead to nausea and vomit.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is the only one that can be produced by the body. The UV solar rays are being absorbed by the skin through the colesterol synthetization. Vitamin D regulates the calcium content in the body. The foods that contain more vitamin D are the blue fish, butter, milk and egg yolks. When the skin does not receive enough UV rays and the intake of vitamin D is not enough it causes problems in the calcium metabolism. The consequence can cause raquitism, which is an insufficient mineralization causing a malformation or deformation of the bones. 10 minutes every day are enough to obtain enough vitamin D so that the baby in the womb can develop strong teeth and bones.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C can be easily obtained if fresh fruits and vegetables are consumed on a daily basis within an equilibrated diet. It can be found in fresh vegetables and fruits specially in citrus fruits such as orange, lemon and grapefruit. Besides having the effect of acting like a coenzyme in the production of conjunctive tissue and biliar acids, its main function is to protect the biomolecules from being destroyed through oxidation. The lack of vitamin C can lead to high pressure also known as preeclamsia and to an early rupture of the amniotic bag.

Vitamin A

Vitamin A is very important in developing the biochemical development of the sight and the cell formation. It can be found in carrots, fruits and vegetables, liver, milk or egg yolks as a provitamin of betacarotene. A lack of vitamin A during pregnancy causes night blindness and it disturbs the development but an excess of vitamin A causes severe damages such as cornea dettachment, changes in skin or hepatic damages and abnormalities in the fetus. Therefore it is absolutely not recommended for pregnant women to take vitamin A supplements.