Baby in womb - Calcium, essential fatty acids and vitamin D in Food and Supplements

Baby in womb - Calcium, essential fatty acids and vitamin D in Food and Supplements

There are important vitamins and minerals that are very necessary during pregnancy such as calcium, essential fatty acids and vitamin D. These can be obtained from food.  In case that pregnant women can not follow a balanced diet, daily supplements may be prescribed by the doctor.


Most of prenatal vitamins contain between 100 and 200 miligrams of calcium. Some other supplemenst do not contain calcium at all due to the fact that calcium is very voluminous and prenatal supplements pills are already big enough. In any case prenatal supplements does not contain the necessary amount of calcium that you need during pregnancy. Calcium  is very importat for the baby’s development of teeth and bones. Further, it is necessary to develop healthy nerves and muscles .

Essential fatty acids

Essential fatty acids such as Omega-3,  Decosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and  Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) are very important for the baby’s brain development, the nervous system and the eye tissue.

Essential fatty acids can be obtained from fish, which is a very rich source of DHA and EPA, but it is very important not to consume some fish, which have big amounts of mercury such as tilefish swordfish, shark, and king mackerel, marlin, orange roughy, ahi tuna, and bigeye tuna.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D plays a crucial role in maintaining calcium and phosphate levels in the body. Further, it helps in the formation of your baby’s bones and teeth.

The risks of having low levels of vitamin D during pregnancy mean a lack of this vitamin for the baby during birth. This leads to a serious illness called rickets. Rickets causes bone rupture and abnormalities, malformations in the whole  skeletal system, and having a delayed physical development. Further, it has been found that a lack of vitamin D leads to the risk of developing preeclampsia during pregnancy and it causes the need of a C-cut during birth.