Cholesterol and infertility

Cholesterol affects fertility

Cholesterol plays a fundamental role in the correct functioning of the organism. An excess of cholesterol can obstruct the arteries and increase the risk of developing cardiovascular illnesses and even cause a stroke (cerebrovascular accident). Therefore, the effect of cholesterol in the cardiovascular system and fertility health is the most studied one due to the enorm incidence and prevalescence of these illnesses.

The body uses cholesterol to produce sexual hormones such as testesterone, estradiol or progesterone, which play a very important role in reproductive processes. A drastic increase or decrease in the normal levels of cholesterol produce notable changes and can avoid getting pregnant.

Studies results show that couples presenting high levels of cholesterol (hypercholesterolemia) need more time in getting pregnant than those with normal levels of cholesterol. The same happens if only one of the couple presents high levels of cholesterol. Therefore it is important to consider cholesterol levels in both partners if the pregnancy is desired.

A healthy diet to prevent cholesterol

The best diet to follow to decrease cholesterol levels is the mediterranean diet. It is rich in healthy fat coming from monounsaturated polyunsaturated fatty acids. These can be found in fish, olive oil and seeds oil. Besides vegetables, legumes, cereals, and fruits are a very good and healthy source to decrease cholesterol levels.