Wissenswertes

Diagnosis-Urinary Tract Infections

Diagnosis of Urinary Tract Infections

Due to the risks that represent having a urinary tract infection (UTI), it is very important to be able to interpret the silent symptoms that can be a sign of a UTI. It is important to know that more than 90% of the Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) are caused by a single microorganism called escherichia coli and in only 10% of the cases the infection is caused by several microbes. These germs pass through the urethra and go to the urinary tract. Further, There is a type of UTI, which is caused by a bacteria called Beta-hemolytic Streptococcus. This bacteria is very dangerous for pregnant women since it can cause a rupture of membranes and a premature birth. Therefore it is highly advised specially to pregnant women to have a regular urine test done during pregnancy to look for those bacterias. Healthy men and women can also periodically have a routine urine test done to be sure everything is allright.

In order to diagnose a bladder infection women must pay attention to the symptoms, which can vary according to each body. The most common symptoms include:

  • Pain, discomfort or ardor while urinating and also even during sexual relations.

  • Discomfort in the pelvis or in the lower abdomen

  • Frequently or uncontrollable need of urinating even if there is a small amount of urine in the bladder

  • After urinating, there is a sensation of urinating more

  • Bad odor, cloudy or urine presenting mucus or blood

  • light increase in the temperature (but still within the normal parameters)

In order to diagnose a kidney infection special attention must be paid to the following symptoms and in case of having them, a doctor must be immediately contacted, since these symptoms are usually presented suddenly

  • high fieber and chills, shaking or sweats

  • Pain in the lower part of the back, below the rips (in one or both sides) or in the abdomen

  • Nausea and vomit

  • Blood or pus in the urine and the symptoms belonging to the bladder infection mentioned above

Risks factors for UTI

Special attention must be also paid to some factors, which cause the urinary tract infections such as:

  • having diabetes
  • having had a urinary tract infection in the past

  • having sex promotes the introduction of bacteria in the bladder and it is temporally associated to a starting cystitis. Urinating after having sex decreases the risk of developing cystitis

  • the use of spermicides or diaphragm modifies the normal bacterial flora in the genitourinary zone and it has been associated with an increase in the urinary infections

  • being pregnant: Pregnant women present a higher risk of developing UTIs

  • having an obstruction such as tumors, narrowings, increase in the size of the prostata, stones in the urinary tract or in the kidneys

  • use of antibiotics for any other infection in the body can also change the type and number of bacterias in the vagina and urethra